Fitness Health

Obesity: Risk Factors, Complications, Types, & Treatment

What Is Obesity?

Obesity refers to a medical condition where an individual amasses a lot of body fat to a point where the fat starts to have negative impacts on the health and well being of that person.

Approximately 2.1 billion people in the world are obese. That’s about 30% of the world’s total population.

For anyone to be regarded as obese, their weight must be more than 20 percent higher than it should be. This generally means that an individual who’s BMI (body mass index) is 30 and above is obese.

A normal BMI ranges from 18.5 to 24.9. A  BMI of 25 and 29.9 is for persons who are overweight.

What Are Some Of The Risk Factors?

Obesity is a complex issue as it results from a mix of contributing factors and causes. Some of the risk factors include age, lifestyle choices, social & economic issues, certain medications & diseases, and genetics, among others.

This means you can become obese as a result of genes you inherited from your folks. Poor lifestyle choices such as consumption of unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, and consumption of drinks with a high amount of calories such as alcohol are some of the other factors that lead to obesity.  

There are some diseases such as arthritis that puts you at risk of being obese as they limit your movement making you gain weight. Medications such as steroids can also make you gain weight.

What Are The Complications Of Obesity?

Obesity is a serious condition as it can lead to the development of severe health complications such as high blood pressure, stroke, sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, infertility, and digestive issues such as gallbladder disease.

Types Of Obesity

Obesity is classified depending on factors such as the size and the number of fat cells, the association with other ailments, and the area of fat deposition.

There are two types of obesity regarding the size and the number of fat cells and they include adult-type obesity – mostly happens in middle ages and only the size of fat cells is increased and child-type obesity where only the number of fat cells is increased.

Concerning the area of aft deposition, there are three types of obesity and they include central obesity (it involves the accumulation of excess fat in the abdominal area), peripheral obesity (excess fat is accumulated in the buttocks, thighs, and hips), and combination obesity (a mixture of central and peripheral obesity).

There are two types of obesity concerning the association with other ailments and they are type-2-obesity that is caused by diseases such as hypothyroidism and type-1-obesity that is normally a result of inactivity & excessive intake of calories.

Treatment Of Obesity

If you have tried to lose the extra pounds on your own and failed you should visit your doctor. Some of the treatment options available to you include weight loss surgery and medical weight loss where your doctor will prescribe medications to help you lose weight.

The above treatment options cannot be successful without you making behavior and lifestyle changes.

Joining support groups or counseling will help you to pinpoint the unhealthy triggers and to manage issues such as emotional eating and depression.


Make changes to your diet by reducing consumption of refined carbohydrates, sugar, and long-chain fats and instead start eating more veggies, proteins such as fish and healthy fats such as avocados, olive oils, and nuts.

You also need to work out more often. This is essential as it helps you to burn more calories drastically increasing the chances of you losing weight permanently and in a healthy way.

It is not a must for you to go to the gym as you can easily find activities that fit perfectly in your day to day routine which can also do wonders.

Glam is Back!


  1. First off I would like to say fantastic blog!
    I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you do
    not mind. I was interested to know how you center yourself and
    clear your thoughts prior to writing. I have had trouble clearing my mind in getting my thoughts
    out. I do take pleasure in writing but it just
    seems like the first 10 to 15 minutes are usually lost
    just trying to figure out how to begin. Any suggestions or hints?


    1. Thank you!

      That is a very interesting question. Everyone has his or her way of clearing thoughts prior to writing. Some writers find meditation ideal but listening to smooth music such as Jazz works best for me. You can try any of the tow and see what will work for you. 🙂

  2. I am sure this article has touched all the internet people, its really really fastidious piece of writing on building up new
    blog. Howdy! Someone in my Facebook group shared this site
    with us so I came to take a look. I’m definitely enjoying the information. I’m bookmarking
    and will be tweeting this to my followers! Outstanding blog and great design and
    style. It’s appropriate time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy.
    I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you some interesting things or advice.
    Maybe you could write next articles referring to this article.
    I want to read even more things about it!

    1. Hi Jim and thank you for visiting and enjoying the website. Your support means a lot to me. I will take a look at the link you have attached so that I can write an article that you would love to read. Thanks again and welcome to The Bold Owl family.

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: