Obesity: Risk Factors, Complications, Types, & Treatment

What Is Obesity?

Obesity refers to a medical condition where an individual amasses a lot of body fat to a point where the fat starts to have negative impacts on the health and well being of that person.

Approximately 2.1 billion people in the world are obese. That’s about 30% of the world’s total population.

For anyone to be regarded as obese, their weight must be more than 20 percent higher than it should be. This generally means that an individual who’s BMI (body mass index) is 30 and above is obese.

A normal BMI ranges from 18.5 to 24.9. A  BMI of 25 and 29.9 is for persons who are overweight.

What Are Some Of The Risk Factors?

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Obesity is a complex issue as it results from a mix of contributing factors and causes. Some of the risk factors include age, lifestyle choices, social & economic issues, certain medications & diseases, and genetics, among others.

This means you can become obese as a result of genes you inherited from your folks. Poor lifestyle choices such as consumption of unhealthy diet, lack of exercise, and consumption of drinks with a high amount of calories such as alcohol are some of the other factors that lead to obesity.  

There are some diseases such as arthritis that puts you at risk of being obese as they limit your movement making you gain weight. Medications such as steroids can also make you gain weight.

What Are The Complications Of Obesity?

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Obesity is a serious condition as it can lead to the development of severe health complications such as high blood pressure, stroke, sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, arthritis, infertility, and digestive issues such as gallbladder disease.

Types Of Obesity

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Obesity is classified depending on factors such as the size and the number of fat cells, the association with other ailments, and the area of fat deposition.

There are two types of obesity regarding the size and the number of fat cells and they include adult-type obesity – mostly happens in middle ages and only the size of fat cells is increased and child-type obesity where only the number of fat cells is increased.

Concerning the area of aft deposition, there are three types of obesity and they include central obesity (it involves the accumulation of excess fat in the abdominal area), peripheral obesity (excess fat is accumulated in the buttocks, thighs, and hips), and combination obesity (a mixture of central and peripheral obesity).

There are two types of obesity concerning the association with other ailments and they are type-2-obesity that is caused by diseases such as hypothyroidism and type-1-obesity that is normally a result of inactivity & excessive intake of calories.

Treatment Of Obesity

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If you have tried to lose the extra pounds on your own and failed you should visit your doctor. Some of the treatment options available to you include weight loss surgery and medical weight loss where your doctor will prescribe medications to help you lose weight.

The above treatment options cannot be successful without you making behavior and lifestyle changes.

Joining support groups or counseling will help you to pinpoint the unhealthy triggers and to manage issues such as emotional eating and depression.

Conclusion

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Make changes to your diet by reducing consumption of refined carbohydrates, sugar, and long-chain fats and instead start eating more veggies, proteins such as fish and healthy fats such as avocados, olive oils, and nuts.

You also need to work out more often. This is essential as it helps you to burn more calories drastically increasing the chances of you losing weight permanently and in a healthy way.

It is not a must for you to go to the gym as you can easily find activities that fit perfectly in your day to day routine which can also do wonders.

Author: Oscar Mwangi

Content Writer | Freelancer | Travel Enthusiast

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